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Vol 4 (2006) - Issue 1

Regulation setting up franchise rules in Italy: commentary and unofficial translation

Professor Aldo Frignani, Frignani e Associati, Turin

Professor Frignani provides a Commentary to the ‘Regulation setting up Rules on Franchise, under Article 4, paragraph 2, of law n. 129 of 6 may 2004’, Decree of the Ministero delle attivita` produttive (Ministry for production activities) n. 204 of 2 September 2005.1

Data and E-Commerce Issues in relation to franchising in New Zealand

Stewart Germann, Stewart Germann Law Office, Auckland and David Raudkivi, Russell McVeagh, Auckland

This article outlines the laws in New Zealand in relation to e-commerce and considers how existing commercial, tort, and consumer protection laws may extend to business conducted over the internet, particularly in relation to franchising.

E-commerce and data protection issues and their impact on franchising under Polish law

Andrzej Krawczyk, Partner, PROFIT system, Warsaw

The laws in Poland governing on-line business and personal data processing impose a number of obligations on a franchisor and its franchisees alike. It is therefore extremely important for a franchisor to ensure that all of its franchisees comply with these obligations, which are set out in this article.

Data protection and e-commerce in the UK

Suzanne Mercer, Partner, Technology Group, Eversheds LLP, London

This article looks at two separate issues that are likely to affect most franchise businesses – the laws which deal with data relating to individuals and to internet trading.

Franchising: e-commerce and data protection issues in Sweden

Göran Antonsson, Sandart & Partners Advokatbyra˚, Stockholm and Anders Fernlund, Advokatfirman NOVA, Stockholm

This article provides an overview of the various Acts and regulations regarding e-commerce and data protection issues in Sweden and relates to the laws as of November 2005.

EU Report

John Grayston, Partner, Eversheds LLP, Head of Eversheds’ International Trade & Commerce Group

For the second time in less than a year, the traditionally dry and superficially rather uninteresting world of trade defence measures has topped the charts in Brussels. For franchise operations the relevance of EU trade defence measures is essentially limited to managing the impact of having to pay what amounts to an additional customs payments when relevant goods are imported from (or have as their origin) a designated third country.